What is SORE EYES or CONJUNCTIVITIS?
Conjunctivitis or sore eyes is the inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is a membrane covering the sclera and the inner part of the eyelids. The most common type is caused by adenoviral infection. Usually lasting from 5 – 12 days, it occurs usually during summer or rainy season of which viral respiratory infections such as influenza or adenovirus is higher.
Patients usually complain of eye redness, swelling, tearing, discharge, stinging, itching, and discomfort.
Most conjunctivitis is viral and may resolve without treatment. however, decongestant drops are usually given to relieve the discomfor. Bacterial conjunctivitis may be given antibiotic drops to shorten the course and avoid the spread of the disease. It is important to note that it is unsafe to self-medicate because some eye drops are contraindicated in certain eye diseases with similar presentation. Frequent handwashing and hygiene is also a vital component of the management.
TIPS TO AVOID SORE EYES
● Wash your hands frequently and thoroughly with soap and water.
● Do not borrow another person's eyewear, makeup, handkerchief or towel.
● Wash clothes, towels, pillow cases, and anything else which may have come in contact with an infected person.
● Minimize hand-to-eye contact.
● On windy days, wear eyeglasses or sunglasses to protect your eyes from foreign particles
● Disinfect surfaces such as doorknobs, computer keyboards, counters and handrails with a diluted bleach solution.
WHAT TO DO WHEN YOU SUSPECT SORE EYES
Artificial tears and cold compress may be started to alleviate the symptoms. However, consultation with an ophthalmologist is still highly advised.